Forging Features


Compared with castings, the metal structure and mechanical properties can be improved after forging. After the casting structure is deformed by the forging method, due to the deformation and recrystallization of the metal, the original coarse dendrites and columnar grains become an equiaxed recrystallized structure with finer grains and uniform size, which makes the original segregation and recrystallization in the steel ingot. Porosity, pores, slag inclusions, etc. are compacted and welded, and the organization becomes more compact, which improves the plasticity and mechanical properties of the metal. The mechanical properties of castings are lower than those of forgings of the same material. In addition, the forging process can ensure the continuity of the metal fiber structure, so that the fiber structure of the forging is consistent with the shape of the forging, and the metal streamline is complete, which can ensure the parts have good mechanical properties and long service life. Precision die forging and cold extrusion are used. Forgings produced by processes such as warm extrusion and warm extrusion are incomparable to castings. Forgings are objects that are subjected to metal pressure and plastically deformed to shape the required shape or suitable compressive force. This force is typically achieved through the use of a hammer or pressure. The forging process builds a refined grain structure and improves the physical properties of the metal. In real-world use of the component, a proper design enables particle flow in the direction of the main pressure. Castings are metal forming objects obtained by various casting methods, that is, the smelted liquid metal is injected into the pre-prepared casting mold by pouring, injection, suction or other casting methods, and after cooling, it is subjected to falling sand, cleaning and post-processing. Processing, etc., the resulting objects of certain shape, size and properties.