Forging industry opportunities and challenges coexist

2022-04-15

Based on the fundamental position of forging industry in the national economy, since the reform and opening up, the government and the competent departments of the industry have given great support in terms of policies. Since 2015, the State has promulgated the Outline of the 13th Five-Year Plan for National Economic and Social Development. Based on the above policies, China Forging & Stamping Association promulgated the Outline of the 13th Five-Year Plan for The Development of China Forging & Stamping Industry and other policies, providing strong policy support and guidance for the development of the industry. The "13th Five-Year Plan" puts forward to focus on improving the innovation ability and basic ability of manufacturing industry, promote the deep integration of information technology and manufacturing technology, promote the development of high-end, intelligent, green and service manufacturing industry, and cultivate new competitive advantages of manufacturing industry. The 13th Five-Year Development Outline of China forging industry puts forward that automation, informatization and digitalization of forging industry is the key development direction of the industry in the next five years.

In addition, with the rise of China's status as a great power, the current international pattern is changing, China's surrounding political and economic environment is becoming more complex, and various unstable factors appear frequently. In recent years, China has continuously increased defense investment, eliminated old equipment, and gradually formed a weapon equipment system with high-tech equipment as the backbone. It is mainly used to update weapons and equipment, improve the living conditions of servicemen and the training and living conditions of grass-roots troops. With the change of international pattern in recent years, in order to improve the ability of China to cope with the change of international situation, China needs to continue to strengthen national defense investment, in order to ensure China's modernization and national security. The increase of national defense investment will increase the demand for military equipment, thus driving the development of military forgings industry.

Third, technological development and qualification certification promote industrial upgrading. In recent years, under the guidance of a series of national encouragement policies, the forging industry has adhered to the research and development mode combining foreign introduction and independent innovation, and formed a number of high-end forging products with independent intellectual property rights. The steady improvement of the overall technical level of the forging industry has strongly promoted the development of China's forging industry to the direction of high-end.

Part due to the forging industry in the field of qualified supplier certification qualification authentication and the high-end customers, some r&d spending less, low management level, industry competitiveness is not strong field of high-end enterprise difficult to get into, and with the industry technology level of ascension and the optimization of industrial structure adjustment, the mainly by price competition, the enterprise will be phased out. The technical progress and qualification certification of forging industry will promote the development of the whole industry to a higher level and make the industrial structure more reasonable.

There are challenges as well as opportunities. First, lack of scale advantage and industrial chain synergy. The number of forging enterprises in our country, most of the small production scale of enterprises, equipment is relatively backward, the technical level is not high, industry concentration degree is low, the market competition is intense, remarkable scale effect cannot be obtained, and some enterprises lack in equipment and technology, guided by the price of vicious competition, disturb the normal order of market, influence the development of the industry progress.

Second, the upstream research and development capacity of new materials is weak, uneven production level. On the one hand, the upstream special steel industry research and development, production level is uneven, the research and development of new materials and improve the stability of material size and performance is not prominent enough, compared with the world's advanced level there is a certain gap. On the other hand, at present, there is still a big gap between China's raw materials for high-end forgings in aviation, aerospace and other fields and foreign developed countries, some of the raw materials or even all rely on imports, which has greatly affected the development of China's forging industry.

Finally, the technical level of high-end forgings is relatively backward. The structural contradictions of forging industry in China are relatively prominent, and the international competitiveness of high-end forgings is relatively weak. Due to the lack of relevant professional and technical personnel, the shortage of expert talents, the lack of young professionals, the accumulation of material database is insufficient, which restricts the development of high-end forging technology level.