Forging is a processing method that uses a forging machine to apply pressure to a metal blank to plastically deform it to obtain a forging with certain mechanical properties, certain shape and size. Forging (forging and stamping) is one of the two major components. . Through forging, defects such as as-cast looseness generated in the metal smelting process can be eliminated, and the microstructure can be optimized. At the same time, due to the preservation of the complete metal streamline, the mechanical properties of forgings are generally better than those of castings of the same material. For important parts with high load and severe working conditions in related machinery, forgings are mostly used in addition to rolling plates, profiles or welded parts with simple shapes.
The initial recrystallization temperature of steel is about 727 °C, but 800 °C is generally used as the dividing line, and hot forging is higher than 800 °C; between 300 and 800 °C, it is called warm forging or semi-hot forging. called cold forging.
Forgings used in most industries are hot forging. Warm and cold forging are mainly used for forging parts such as automobiles and general machinery. Warm and cold forging can effectively save materials.